What are the states of a domain?

States of a domain


Domains on the Internet go through a series of states that reflect their status and availability. From creation to expiration, these statuses are essential to understanding how domains work on the web. In this article, we will briefly explore the various states that domains experience and their impact on their digital lifecycle.

1. Pending: This is the initial status that is generated when completing the registration form. At this point, no type of procedure has yet been initiated.

2. Registered: As the name suggests, the domain has already been purchased and registered by a provider, so it cannot be purchased anywhere else.

3. Renewed: Refers to the moment when a client renews the domain name for an additional period of X years.

4. Pending Transfer: This status occurs when the domain transfer process has begun, but its completion by the registration entity is still awaited.

5. Transferred: This state is reached when the transfer of the domain between entities has been successfully completed.

6. Canceled: The domain acquires this status when the owner of the product has requested its cancellation.

7. Expired: When a domain owner does not renew their registration before the expiration date, the domain enters an "expired" status. During this period, the registrar suspends the domain for a few days. If the renewal is paid, the domain is active again until the next expiration.

8. Grace Period (Renew Grace Period): During this time, which usually lasts about 35 days, the domain is inactive and can be renewed.

9. Redemption Period: This status is activated when the domain has expired and can still be renewed under special conditions and charges. The domain is locked by the registrar for approximately 30 to 45 days, after which it goes into "PendingDelete" status.

10. PendingDelete: After the redemption period, the domain enters this state, which lasts 5 to 10 days. During this time, the domain cannot be renewed or restored. Once this period has concluded, the domain is released and is available to be registered by anyone.

11. PendingRestore: This status is established if the restoration of a domain name that was in the redemption period has been requested. The "PendingRestore" period lasts 7 days.

12. Transfer prohibited: This status is activated when the "Registrar-Lock" option has been activated, which prevents the transfer of the domain to another registrar without deactivating this option.

13. ClientHold: Domains under this status are not included in zone files and can be updated, deleted, transferred and renewed. It is recommended to contact the domain registrar for more information.

14. ClientUpdateProhibited: When a domain is under this state, the name servers related to the domain (DNS) cannot be modified, among other restrictions. However, the domain can still be transferred, deleted or renewed.

15. ClientDeleteProhibited: In this state, the domain cannot be deleted, but can still be updated, transferred and renewed.

16. ClientRenewProhibited: When a domain is under this state, it cannot be explicitly renewed, but it can still be updated, transferred, deleted, and is included in the zone files.

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